"Illuminating the Hole": Kinshasa’s Makeovers Between Dream and Reality
I examine the history of modern urban planning ideas and makeover models in the capital city of Kinshasa, Congo, with specific reference to the career of Pume Bylex. These proposed and attempted makeovers are looked at in the historical, cultural, and social context of Kinshasa itself, specifically regarding its colonial past, its prevailing mysticism, and its residents’ collective yearning for a dream city and a utopia that removes them from the reality of the actual city and nation they inhabit.
Water Security in the Middle East and North Africa
This essay details the causes of and status of freshwater scarcity in this region and its broad and alarming economic, social, and political implications, which have a direct bearing on the area’s growth and security.